Mandating effective treatment for drug offenders
A debate rages between the penal system and the mental health system. But this debate is often held away from the plethora of research and evidence that we now have.
The question is how we handle addicted individuals who commit nonviolent crimes (such as carrying illegal substances). A disturbing statistic about modern American society is that we incarcerate a greater percentage of our population than any other country in the world. Many experts would say it is the war on drugs that has led to such a huge prison population.
Mandatory minimum sentencing laws have led to the incarceration of millions of minor drug offenders, drug addicts and the mentally ill.
Should we be treating these people as criminals or patients? The primary goal of the American legal system is to keep society safe.
Noting the failure of incarceration, this Note proposes that treatment and rehabilitation of drug offenders are more appropriate means of reducing illegal drug use.
More specifically, this Note considers as models Arizona and California Acts that mandate substituting court-supervised drug treatment and education programs for incarceration.
It could be something as simple as a run away script or learning how to better use E-utilities, for more efficient work such that your work does not impact the ability of other researchers to also use our site.
Given the unique nature of chemical addiction, traditional penal measures have been ineffective in deterring repeat offenders.The main culprit in incarcerating so many addicts is the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984.Legislators had good intentions when passing the law.Mandatory minimum sentencing for drug crimes was spurred by the crack epidemic of the 1980s.The drug was new and terrible and it led to a lot of crime, including violent crime.
Most studies suggest that outcomes for those who are legally pressured to enter treatment are as good as or better than outcomes for those who entered treatment without legal pressure. Principles of Drug Abuse Treatment for Criminal Justice Populations - A Research-Based Guide. Principles of Drug Abuse Treatment for Criminal Justice Populations - A Research-Based Guide.