1986 congress passed legislation mandating
This created a lopsided ‘grand compromise’ that fueled later generations of illegal aliens.
In 1990, Congress again reformed immigration statutes.
The majority of applicants for immigration visas in the following decades started coming from Asia and Latin America rather than Europe.
As a result of this legislation, the number of immigrants arriving each year would more than triple from approximately 320,000 in the 1960s to over a million per year by the 21st century.
The acceptance rate for amnesty applications was about 94 percent, eventually giving legal status to approximately 3 million.Immigration has played an important role in American history, and the United States continues to have the most open immigration policy in the world.Before the era of rapid communications and transportation, America encouraged relatively open immigration to settle its empty lands.The act added to border controls by mandating the hiring of more Border Patrol and Immigration and Naturalization Service agents.Repercussions for entering the country illegally were increased and a border fence was planned for San Diego.
In 1986, Congress enacted the Emergency Medical Treatment & Labor Act (EMTALA) to ensure public access to emergency services regardless of ability to pay.